Root Canal


What is root canal treatment?

Root canal treatment is done to the tooth which has been damaged internally, Due to which you may experience symptoms like
  • occasional sensitivity to hot and cold foods
  • constant throbbing or a dull ache,
  • pain on chewing.

If you have an damaged tooth, you may benefit from root canal therapy which is also called endodontics, root canal therapy can restore your tooth to its state of health by treating the damaged part of your tooth. We can assess the extent of damage by a comprehensive dental examination which involves examining your teeth and gums, and x-raying of your teeth to examine the underlying roots and bone. After your history is taken, we will examine your teeth - looking for cavities, assessing the condition of any fillings you already have, check to see if your teeth are sensitive to hot or cold, check for loose teeth, tap on your teeth to check for pain, and evaluate the condition of your gums. X-rays allow us to see the inside of your teeth and the surrounding bone. With an x-ray, we can detect any unhealthy changes in your teeth or bone, irrespective of whether they are causing any symptoms or not.

Above is a picture of an HEALTHY TOOTH. The part you see above the gum is called the Crown, and the part which anchors your jawbone is called the Root. Inside your crown and root there is a soft tissue (pulp) which helps in keeping your tooth nourished. Bacteria enters your tooth through a loose filling, a cavity, or a crack. Your pulp becomes infected as it is attacked by bacteria. Eventually, the bacteria may destroy the pulp. The inflammation and infection spreads down the root canal, often causing sensitivity to hot or cold foods, or throbbing pain when you chew. This may lead to the bone getting infected as the bacteria escapes through the root openings. The bone breaks down, and your ligament surrounding the root may swell and loosen the tooth.

You can improve the health of your damaged tooth through Root canal therapy. Root canal Treatment may take one or more visits. The treatment consists of removing the pulp from your root canals through a small opening in the crown. Then the canals are cleaned and disinfected. The tooth is first anesthetized. An opening is made in your tooth and any existing fillings or decay is removed.
Unhealthy pulp is removed using tiny, flexible files. Using delicate, up-and-down motions, your dentist gently cleans and smoothens your canals to disinfect them and prepares them for filling. The canals are then sealed with an inert material that occupies the space vacated by the removal of the pulp. The adjoining diagram shows an instrument being used to clean the canal

After treatment is done, the outside part of your tooth will be restored to protect your tooth's underlying structures and to bring the
tooth back into function. The tooth is usually covered with a ceramic or metal crown. After root canal therapy, your tooth becomes functional, and continues to be nourished by the surrounding gums and bone. The adjoining diagram shows the crown which has been put after the treatment.

There is no additional care to be taken to the treated tooth. Take care of your treated tooth the same way you would your other teeth. Brush after every meal, and floss before going to bed. Along with regular dental check up.

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